Who Is Mahdi According To Quran And Sunni Traditions

Praise be to Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ), for Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) forgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

According to authentic Sunni traditions, Mahdi is of Prophet’s family:

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Sunan Abu Dawood. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered one of the most authentic books after the Quran.

Sunan Abu Dawood Book 37 Hadith 4271

Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: The Mahdi will be of my family, of the descendants of Fatimah. Abdullah ibn Ja’far said: I heard AbulMalih praising Ali ibn Nufayl and describing his good qualities.

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Sunan Abu Dawood. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered one of the most authentic books after the Quran.

Sunan Abu Dawood Book 37 Hadith 4272

Narrated AbuSa’id al-Khudri:

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: The Mahdi will be of my stock, and will have a broad forehead a prominent nose. He will fill the earth will equity and justice as it was filled with oppression and tyranny, and he will rule for seven years.

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Sunan Ibn Majah. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered one of the most authentic books after the Quran.

Sunan Ibn Majah Book 36 Hadith 4085

It was narrated from ‘Ali that the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said:
Mahdi is one of us, the people of the Household. Allah rectifying him in a single night.”

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Sunan Ibn Majah. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered one of the most authentic books after the Quran.

Sunan Ibn Majah Book 36 Hadith 4086

It was narrated that Sa’eed bin Musayyab said:
“We were with Umm Salamah and we were discussing Mahdi. She said: ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) say: “Mahdi will be one of the descendents of Fatimah.”

Classification of hadith: Dae’ef (weak)

Sunni collection: Sunan Ibn Majah. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered one of the most authentic books after the Quran.

Sunan Ibn Majah Book 36 Hadith 4087

It was narrated that Anas bin Malik said:
“I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) say: ‘We, the sons of ‘Abdul-Muttalib, will be leaders of the people of Paradise: Myself, Hamzah. ‘Ali, Ja’far, Hasan, Husain and Mahdi.

(Note that the Ḍaʻīf (ضَعِيْف) is the categorization of a hadith as “weak”. Sunni “scholar” Ibn Hajar described the cause of a hadith being classified as weak as “either due to discontinuity in the chain of narrators or due to some criticism of a narrator.” (Nuzhah al-Nuthr, published with ”Al-Nukat”, pg. 108, ”Dar ibn al-Jawzi”, al-Damam, 6th edition.) This discontinuity refers to the omission of a narrator occurring at different positions within the isnād. It does NOT mean that the hadith is invalid or not authentic in itself, it only means that it misses one of a hadith narrators by error, mistake or simply by being overlooked in the process of writing it down.)

What’s the Mahdi’s full name?

Classification of hadith: Hasan (good)

Sunni collection: Jami` at-Tirmidhi. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered one of the most authentic books after the Quran.

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Book 31 Hadith 2230

‘Abdullah narrated that the Messenger of Allah(Peace be upon him) said:

“The world shall not pass away until a man from the people of my family rules the Arabs whose name agrees with my name.”

Sunni scholarly opinions:

In 648/1250-1 the Syrian Shafi’i author Muḥammad b. Yusuf al-Gandji al-Kurashi wrote Kitab al-Bayan fi akhbar sahib al-zaman in proving the Mahdiship of the Twelfth Imam using Sunni traditions. In 650/1252 Kamalal-Din Muḥammad b. Talha al-ʿAdawi al-Nisibini, a Shafi’i scholar composed his Maṭalib al-suʾul fi manaḳib al al-rasul answering Sunni objections to the belief that the Twelfth Imām was the Mahdi. The Sibt ibn al-Jawzi wrote Tadhkirat khawass al-umma bi-dhikr khasaʾis al-aʾimma collecting hadiths from Sunni sources about the virtues of ʿAli and his descendants, and at the end affirmed that the Twelfth Imam was the Expected Qaʾim and Mahdi. Among Sufi circles Abu Bakr al-Bayhaḳī (d. 458/1066) had noted that some Sufi gnostics (djamaʿa min ahl al-kashf) agreed with the Imami doctrine about the identity of the Mahdi and his ghayba (occultation). The Persian Sufi Sadr al-Din Ibrahim al-Hammuyi (late 7th/13th century) supported Imami doctrine on the Mahdi in his Faraʾid al-simtayn. The Egyptian Sufi al-Shaʿrani, while generally showing no sympathy for Shiʿa Islam affirmed in his al-Yawaḳit wa ’l-dj̲awahir (written in 958/1551) that the Mahdi was a son of Imam al-Hasan al-ʿAskari born in the year 255/869 and would remain alive until his meeting with Jesus.

Source: Madelung, Wilferd. “al-Mahdī”. In Encyclopaedia of Islam. vol. 5, Khe-Mahi. 2nd ed. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1986. 1231–8. ISBN 90-04-07819-3.

What about the Quran?

Despite what many Sunni wizards would like to conceal, Mahdi is mentioned multiple times in the Holy Quran.

Conclusion

Based upon authentic Sunni traditions, the Holy Quran, one can clearly see that Mahdi is a member of Prophet’s family whose name is Muhammad. He isn’t an unknown figure, as the ignorant Sunnis are made to believe, for his name is Muhammad al-Mahdi, the Twelfth Imam.

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And do not mix the truth with falsehood or conceal the truth while you know [it]. [2:42]

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