Sunni Insanity: Anthropomorphism

Praise be to Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ), for Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) forgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

According to the Sunni teachings/theology, Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) has feet, hands, descends from the sky, can be seen, fights with bodily parts, sits on His throne and… writes a diary!

Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) puts his foot over Hell fire:

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 60 Hadith 371

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, “The people will be thrown into the (Hell) Fire and it will say: “Are there any more (to come)?’ (50.30) till Allah puts His Foot over it and it will say, ‘Qati! Qati! (Enough Enough!)'”

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 60 Hadith 372

Narrated Abu Huraira:

(that the Prophet said) “It will be said to the Hell, ‘Are you filled?’ It will say, ‘Are there any more (to come)?’ On that Allah will put His Foot on it, and it will say ‘Qati! Qati! (Enough! Enough!).”

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 60 Hadith 373

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “Paradise and the Fire (Hell) argued, and the Fire (Hell) said, “I have been given the privilege of receiving the arrogant and the tyrants.’ Paradise said, ‘What is the matter with me? Why do only the weak and the humble among the people enter me?’ On that, Allah said to Paradise. ‘You are My Mercy which I bestow on whoever I wish of my servants.’ Then Allah said to the (Hell) Fire, ‘You are my (means of) punishment by which I punish whoever I wish of my slaves. And each of you will have its fill.’ As for the Fire (Hell), it will not be filled till Allah puts His Foot over it whereupon it will say, ‘Qati! Qati!’ At that time it will be filled, and its different parts will come closer to each other; and Allah will not wrong any of His created beings. As regards Paradise, Allah will create a new creation to fill it with.”

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 93 Hadith 481

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, “(The people will be thrown into Hell ( Fire) and it will keep on saying, ‘Is there any more?’ till the Lord of the worlds puts His Foot over it, whereupon its different sides will come close to each other, and it will say, ‘Qad! Qad! (enough! enough!) By Your ‘Izzat (Honor and Power) and YOUR KARAM (Generosity)!’ Paradise will remain spacious enough to accommodate more people until Allah will create some more people and let them dwell in the superfluous space of Paradise. “

Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) has hands:

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 24 Hadith 491

Narrated Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him)

Prophet (Peace be upon him) said, “If one give in charity what equals one date-fruit from the honestly-earned money and – Allah accepts only the honestly earned money – Allah takes it in His right (Hand) and then enlarges its reward for that person (who has given it), as anyone of you brings up his baby horse, so much so that it becomes as big as a mountain”

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 93 Hadith 479

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “On the Day of Resurrection Allah will hold the whole earth and fold the heaven with His right hand and say, ‘I am the King: where are the kings of the earth?” ‘

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Sunan Ibn Majah. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered one of the most authentic books after the Quran.

Sunan Ibn Majah Book 1 Hadith 189

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said:
“The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Your Lord wrote for Himself with His Own Hand before He created the creation: “My mercy precedes My wrath.”

Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) physically travels, descends from the sky on fixed days, asks questions:

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 75 Hadith 333

Narrated Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him):

Allah’s Apostle (Peace be upon him) said, “When it is the last third of the night, our Lord, the Blessed, the Superior, descends every night to the heaven of the world and says, ‘Is there anyone who invokes Me (demand anything from Me), that I may respond to his invocation; Is there anyone who asks Me for something that I may give (it to) him; is there anyone who asks My forgiveness that I may forgive him?'”

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the second (after Sahih al-Bukhari) most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih Muslim Book 4 Hadith 1656

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) as saying: Our Lord, the Blessed and the Exalted, descends every night to the lowest heaven when one-third of the latter part of the night is left, and says: Who supplicates Me so that I may answer him? Who asks Me so that I may give to him? Who asks Me forgiveness so that I may forgive him?

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Jami` at-Tirmidhi. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered one of the most authentic books after the Quran.

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Book 2 Hadith 446

Abu Hurairah narrated that:

Allah’s Messenger (S) said: “Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, descends to the earth’s heaven every night when the first third of the night has passed. He says: “I am the Sovereign. Is there any who calls upon Me so that I may respond to him? Is there any who asks of Me that I may give him? Is there any who seeks forgiveness from Me so that I may forgive him?’ He continues in that until the illumination of Al-Fajr.”

Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) can be seen:

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 60 Hadith 374

Narrated Jarir bin Abdullah:

We were in the company of the Prophet on a fourteenth night (of the lunar month), and he looked at the (full) moon and said, “You will see your Lord as you see this moon, and you will have no trouble in looking at Him. So, whoever can, should not miss the offering of prayers before sunrise (Fajr prayer) and before sunset (Asr prayer).” Then the Prophet recited: ‘And celebrate the praises of your Lord before the rising of the sun and before (its) setting.’ (50.39)

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 93 Hadith 530

Narrated Jarir bin ‘Abdullah:

The Prophet said, “You will definitely see your Lord with your own eyes.”

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 93 Hadith 531

Narrated Jarir:

Allah’s Apostle came out to us on the night of the full moon and said, “You will see your Lord on the Day of Resurrection as you see this (full moon) and you will have no difficulty in seeing Him.

Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) is terrified, converses during attack with the womb that He created:

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 60 Hadith 354

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “Allah created His creation, and when He had finished it, the womb, got up and caught hold of Allah whereupon Allah said, “What is the matter?’ On that, it said, ‘I seek refuge with you from those who sever the ties of Kith and kin.’ On that Allah said, ‘Will you be satisfied if I bestow My favors on him who keeps your ties, and withhold My favors from him who severs your ties?’ On that it said, ‘Yes, O my Lord!’ Then Allah said, ‘That is for you.’ ” Abu Huraira added: If you wish, you can recite: “Would you then if you were given the authority. do mischief in the land and sever your ties of kinship. (47. 22)

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 93 Hadith 593

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Allah created the creation, and when He finished from His creation the Rahm (womb) got up, and Allah said (to it). “Stop! What do you want? It said;
“At this place I seek refuge with You from all those who sever me (i.e. sever the ties of Kinship.)” Allah said: “Would you be pleased that I will keep good relation with the one who will keep good relation with you, and I will sever the relation with the one who will sever the relation with you. It said: ‘Yes, ‘O my Lord.’ Allah said (to it), ‘That is for you.” And then Abu Huraira recited the Verse:– “Would you then if you were given the authority, do mischief in the land, and sever your ties of kinship.” (47.22)

Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) has a physical throne, writes in His diary:

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 41 Hadith 594

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Two persons, a Muslim and a Jew, quarrelled. The Muslim said, “By Him Who gave Muhammad superiority over all the people! The Jew said, “By Him Who gave Moses superiority over all the people!” At that the Muslim raised his hand and slapped the Jew on the face. The Jew went to the Prophet and informed him of what had happened between him and the Muslim. The Prophet sent for the Muslim and asked him about it. The Muslim informed him of the event. The Prophet said, “Do not give me superiority over Moses, for on the Day of Resurrection all the people will fall unconscious and I will be one of them, but I will be the first to gain consciousness, and will see Moses standing and holding the side of the Throne (of Allah). I will not know whether (Moses) has also fallen unconscious and got up before me, or Allah has exempted him from that stroke.”

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 54 Hadith 413

Narrated ‘Imran bin Husain:

Some people of Bani Tamim came to the Prophet and he said (to them), “O Bani Tamim! rejoice with glad tidings.” They said, “You have given us glad tidings, now give us something.” On hearing that the color of his face changed then the people of Yemen came to him and he said, “O people of Yemen ! Accept the good tidings, as Bani Tamim has refused them.” The Yemenites said, “We accept them. Then the Prophet started taking about the beginning of creation and about Allah’s Throne. In the mean time a man came saying, “O ‘Imran! Your she-camel has run away!” (I got up and went away), but l wish I had not left that place (for I missed what Allah’s Apostle had said).

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 54 Hadith 414

Narrated Imran bin Husain:

I went to the Prophet and tied my she-camel at the gate. The people of Bani Tamim came to the Prophet who said “O Bani Tamim! Accept the good tidings.” They said twice, ‘You have given us the good tidings, now give us something” Then some Yemenites came to him and he said, “Accept the good tidings, O people of Yemem, for Bani Tamim refused them.” They said, “We accept it, O Allah’s Apostle! We have come to ask you about this matter (i.e. the start of creations).” He said, “First of all, there was nothing but Allah, and (then He created His Throne). His throne was over the water, and He wrote everything in the Book (in the Heaven) and created the Heavens and the Earth.” Then a man shouted, “O Ibn Husain! Your she-camel has gone away!” So, I went away and could not see the she-camel because of the mirage. By Allah, I wished I had left that she-camel (but not that gathering). Narrated ‘Umar: One day the Prophet stood up amongst us for a long period and informed us about the beginning of creation (and talked about everything in detail) till he mentioned how the people of Paradise will enter their places and the people of Hell will enter their places. Some remembered what he had said, and some forgot it

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 54 Hadith 416

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “When Allah completed the creation, He wrote in His Book which is with Him on His Throne, “My Mercy overpowers My Anger.”

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 58 Hadith 147

Narrated Jabir:

I heard the Prophet saying, “The Throne (of Allah) shook at the death of Sad bin Muadh.” Through another group of narrators, Jabir added, “I heard the Prophet : saying, ‘The Throne of the Beneficent shook because of the death of Sad bin Muadh.”

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 93 Hadith 501

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “When Allah created the Creation, He wrote in His Book–and He wrote (that) about Himself, and it is placed with Him on the Throne–‘Verily My Mercy overcomes My Anger.'”

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic)

Sunni collection: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. In Sunni “Islam”, it’s considered the most authentic book after the Quran.

Sahih al-Bukhari Book 93 Hadith 528

Narrated Abu Dharr:

I asked the Prophet regarding the Verse:–‘And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term decreed for it.’ (36.28) He said, “Its fixed course is underneath Allah’s Throne.

Classification of hadith: Sahih (authentic), Qudsi

Sunni collection: Various, see cross references. In Islam, the Qudsi hadith is usually considered the most authentic hadith after the Quran. See here and here.

Hadith Qudsi Hadith 1

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah, who said that the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said:

When Allah decreed the Creation He pledged Himself by writing in His book which is laid down with Him: My mercy prevails over my wrath.

It was related by Muslim (also by al-Bukhari, an-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah).

Other authentic Sunni ahadith about “Allah’s Throne” can be further viewed here (120 of them) and here (138 of them).

Shia Muslim stance:

The Shi’a firmly believe that Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) has NO body, nor face, nor hands, nor feet, nor legs. Shaykh Saduq, one of the most distinguished of Shi’a scholars says:

“Verily, Allah is One, Unique, nothing is like Him, He is Eternal; Hearing, Seeing, Omniscient, Living, Omnipotent, above every need. He cannot be described in terms of substance, nor body, nor form, nor accident, nor line, nor surface, nor heaviness, nor lightness, nor color, nor movement, nor rest, nor time, nor space. He is above all the descriptions which can be applied to His creatures. He is away from both extremes: Neither He is just a non-entity (as atheists and in a lesser degree Mutazilites implied), nor He is just like other things. He is Existent, not like other existing things.”

Source: Shi’ite Creed (al-Itqadat al-Imamiyyah), by Shaykh Saduq

Of course, there are some verses in Qur’an which ascribe the words used for limbs to the person of God. But they are used in metaphorical and symbolic sense, not literal sense as understood by Sunnis. For example, the verse (28:88) of Qur’an says: “Every thing is mortal except His face”, which means ‘except His person’. Taking it literally like Sunnis,  one has to say that only the face of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) will remain, while His other so-called limbs (either physical or not) will die. Similarly, Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) has used the word ‘Hand’ (Yad) in several places in the Qur’an. But it means His power and His Mercy, as in the verse (5:64): “But His hands are outspread”. Such metaphorical meanings are greatly used throughout the Quran. For example, Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) describes his Prophets as: “Men of Hands and vision.”(Qur’an 38:45). Shia scholars agree that here ‘hands’ means power and strength, and vision means looking beyond here and now, and not that the Prophets have physical hands and can see. Sadly, Sunnis believe otherwise.

Conclusion

Anthropomorphism – The attribution of human characteristics or behaviour to a god, animal, or object.

What does the Holy Quran tells us about Sunni belief in Anthropomorphism?

Can we see Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ)?

Vision perceives Him not, but He perceives [all] vision; and He is the Subtle, the Acquainted. [6:103]

And when Moses arrived at Our appointed time and his Lord spoke to him, he said, “My Lord, show me [Yourself] that I may look at You.” [ Allah ] said, “You will not see Me, but look at the mountain; if it should remain in place, then you will see Me.” But when his Lord appeared to the mountain, He rendered it level, and Moses fell unconscious. And when he awoke, he said, “Exalted are You! I have repented to You, and I am the first of the believers.” [7:143]

The concept that gods sit on a throne originated from pre-Abrahamic, pagan religions. The main deity of Sunni religion, his mythologies and powers are similar, though not identical, to those of Indo-European deities such as Indra, Jupiter, Perun, Thor, and Odin. Therefore, one can clearly see and understand that Sunni belief in the notion that God possesses human-like anthropomorphic qualities is a clear shirk and kufr. Alhamdulillah, (Shia) Muslims don’t limit Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) to human like behaviors and activities, for Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) is transcedent and immanent. The god of Sunnism isn’t Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) of Islam.

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And do not mix the truth with falsehood or conceal the truth while you know [it]. [2:42]

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